Declaración del Secretariado del CMP sobre el bombardeo de Hiroxima y Nagasaki


Recordar Hiroxima y Nagasaki
Prohibir todas las armas nucleares en el mundo

72 años después de los bombardeos criminales estadounidenses de las ciudades japonesas de Hiroshima y Nagasaki – los días 6 y 9 de agosto – y teniendo en cuenta los cientos de miles de víctimas, es más urgente que nunca exigir la prohibición de todas las armas nucleares en el mundo .
En un momento en que la situación mundial se caracteriza por la inestabilidad y la inseguridad crecientes, como resultado, en primer lugar, de una creciente carrera armamentista, del militarismo, el intervencionismo y las guerras impuestas por los Estados Unidos, la OTAN, la UE y sus aliados, con sua politica de dominación, saqueo y agresión, existe el gran peligro de una escalada a una confrontación de grandes proporciones, incluyendo con el uso de armas nucleares, que si no se previene significaría el fin de la humanidad.
Responsables de la única vez que se utilizaron armas nucleares contra las poblaciones, Estados Unidos posee uno de los mayores arsenales nucleares instalados en su territorio y en todo el mundo -en bases militares USA-OTAN- con su doctrina militar reconociendo la posibilidad de un primero ataque con armas nucleares.
En el marco de su agresiva doctrina militar, los EE.UU. desarrollan actualmente un programa para modernizar su arsenal nuclear -con el anunciado costo de más de un billón de dólares en los próximos 30 años- y instalan un sistema anti-misiles en Europa, el Ártico y Asia , que apunta especialmente a Rusia y China, buscando garantizar su capacidad para evitar la respuesta de otro país a un primer ataque estadounidense con armas nucleares.
La reserva mundial de ojivas nucleares, alrededor de 15 000, y los nuevos avances en la tecnología de las armas nucleares y los mecanismos de transporte conducen a la proliferación -1800 de ellos en Alerta Alta- son una amenaza para la supervivencia de la humanidad.
En este marco, tiene un gran significado la adopción el 7 de julio último del tratado sobre la prohibición de las armas nucleares por la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas para negociar un instrumento jurídicamente vinculante para prohibir las armas nucleares, que conduzca a su total eliminación, reflexo de la voluntad de los pueblos, del movimiento mundial por la paz y los esfuerzos de los Estados no nucleares, a un mundo libre de armas nucleares.
Por otro lado, la Conferencia de Revisión del Tratado de No Proliferación de 2015 dio lugar a otro fiasco, al no adoptar un documento final debido a la oposición de Estados Unidos, Reino Unido y Canadá. Estos países siguieron la misma línea junto con Israel, que se opuso a la convocación de una conferencia sobre el Oriente Medio como una zona libre de armas nucleares y otras de destrucción masiva.
En un período de profunda crisis económica del capitalismo, el mundo se enfrenta a nuevos peligros y amenazas a la paz, incluidas las intervenciones militares imperialistas en curso contra países soberanos y el resurgimiento del fascismo en formas antiguas y nuevas. La humanidad se enfrenta a los peligros de una guerra generalizada de dimensiones globales. Sin embargo, este es también un tiempo de esperanza, basado en las luchas de los pueblos del mundo amantes de la paz, de que esta eventualidad puede ser detenida. Necesitamos recordar las lecciones de las luchas históricas y unir todas las fuerzas consecuentes y amplias para la paz, la justicia social y el progreso en una fuerte movilización cuya fuerza, amplitud y convicción pueden prevenir nuevas tragedias.
¡Nunca más el holocausto nuclear!
Haciendo un homenaje a las víctimas del terror nuclear en Hiroxima y Nagasaki, evocando el objetivo del Llamamiento de Estocolmo de CMP en los años 1950 por un mundo libre de armas nucleares, reafirmando nuestro compromiso y determinación con la causa de la paz, construyendo un mundo mas justo y de progreso social, llamamos a todas las fuerzas amantes de la paz y anti-imperialistas que incrementen su lucha por:
– La prohibición de todas las armas nucleares y otras armas de destrucción en masa, y el desarme general y controlado
– El rechazo de la instalación del sistema anti-misiles de Estados Unidos / OTAN y la abolición de todas las bases militares extranjeras;
-La defensa de los principios de la Carta de las Naciones Unidas, en defensa de la paz, la soberanía de los Estados y la igualdad de derechos de los pueblos.
6 de agosto de 2017
Secretariado del Consejo Mundial de la Paz
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Declaration of the International Meeting

On July 7 of this year, 72 years after the U.S. atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, a treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons was finally adopted. Having worked with the Hibakusha since the First World Conference against A and H Bombs in 1955 to call for the prevention of nuclear war, the elimination of nuclear weapons and the relief and solidarity with the Hibakusha, we heartily welcome the adoption of the treaty as a historic event, and pledge to move forward with renewed determination to achieve a “Nuclear Weapon-Free, Peaceful and Just World”.

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons is a milestoneleading towards their total elimination, the long cherished aspiration of the Hibakusha and the people around the world.
The treaty recognizes that nuclear weapons areinhumane weapons that would cause catastrophic consequences, running counter to the U.N. Charter, international law, includinginternational humanitarian law and international human rights law. It thus stigmatizes them.Nuclear weapons are now not only immoral, but also explicitly illegal for the first time in history. It rightfully acknowledges the struggle of the A-bomb survivors in their call for “No More Hibakusha”, stating that it is “mindful of the unacceptable suffering of and harm caused to the victims of the use of nuclear weapons (hibakusha), as well as of those affected by the testing of nuclear weapons”, and by describing them as bearer of “the role of public conscience in the furthering of the principles of humanity”.
The treaty prohibits all activities connected with nuclear weapons, including development, production, testing, manufacturing, acquisition, possession, stockpiling and use or threat to use, without allowing loopholes. Importantly, it provides a framework for the total elimination of nuclear weapons by elaborating the ways for the nuclear powers to become parties to the treaty. It also stipulates the responsibility to provide assistance to Hibakusha and victims of nuclear tests, meeting expectations of the people of the countries having suffered from A-bombings or nuclear testing. The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons is the fruit of global struggles over some 70 post-war years to achieve a “world without nuclear weapons.”

The world still sees some 15,000 nuclear weapons threatening the survival of the humanity. The development and modernization of nuclear weapons continue. The danger of the actual use of nuclear weapons remains real. There is a growing concern over tensions in various parts of the world leading to the possible use of nuclear weapons. We call on all states to face up to the inhumane nature of nuclear weapons.To achieve peace and security of the world, a ban and the elimination of nuclear weapons is essential. All states should join the treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons without delay. We further demand that any activity banned by the treaty be ended and renounced forever.
That the treaty bans the use or threat to use nuclear weapons signifies that it denies the “nuclear deterrence” argument used as major justification to keep possessing nuclear weapons. We urge nuclear powers to abandon their nuclear deterrence policies, and their allies to renounce theirdependence on it and break away with the “nuclear umbrella”.

Further,we must move forward from adoption of the treaty to the total elimination of nuclearweapons, to achieve a “nuclear weapon-free, peaceful and just world.”
It is necessary above anything else to make the best use of the potentialinherent in the treaty. All activities that run counter to the treaty are to be condemned by the international community. Given that the legal norm is now established to render nuclear weapons illegal, no state that refusesto sign the treaty can evade political and moral restrictions. It carries the possibility of restricting and paralyzing the global nuclear strategies of nuclear superpowers.
It will be even more important than before to develop cooperation between the governments that have worked for the treaty, the United Nations and civil society movements. With the nuclear prohibition treaty, there is now a new opportunity on which to build up the movements and public support for them. With the participation of representatives of both anti-nuclear movements in the world and national governments, and the U.N., the World Conference against A and H Bombs haspromoted dialogues and cooperation among them. Growing public awareness encouraged by such activities will exert pressure on the nuclear powers and their allies into abandoning the policy of clinging to their nuclear arsenals.
To move forward towards completely eliminating nuclear weapons, it is of decisive importance to build a majority of opinion in support of the treaty in the nuclear-armed countries and their allies and press their governments to sign and ratify the treaty with the force of public opinion and movements. The U.S., the U.K. and France rejected the treaty, saying that they would not “ever become party“ to it. Some other nuclear powers expressed that they were in favor of a “step-by-step” approach and that they would not participate in the treaty. In these countries, we need to build public opinion to question the position of the governments towards the treaty and press for their participation in it. Big steps forward towards a world without nuclear weapons will be made possible by bringing together these voices and actions.

The nuclear and missile development of North Koreain violation of international agreements constitutes a serious threat to peace in the region and the world, and must not be tolerated. All military threats and provocations should stop immediately. All parties concerned should take steps for a diplomatic and peaceful solution without delay. Based on the spirit of the treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons, we urge North Korea to stop nuclear activities and abandon all its programs. Practices and consolidation of the existing nuclear weapons-free zones, as well as regional efforts to create new such zones are also important.

Disappointment and resentment are spreading among the Hibakusha and other sectors of people at the refusal of the Government of the A-bombed country to participate in the Nuclear Prohibition Treaty. We urge the Japanese Government to leave the U.S. “nuclear umbrella” and sign the Prohibition Treaty without delay. Large numbers of people are standing up against the destruction of peace principles of the Constitution and the preparations to join in wars overseas. In Okinawa, a struggle involving all Okinawa residents is growing against the construction of a new U.S. base. We express solidarity with the movement in Japan for the defense of the Constitution and for a non-nuclear and peaceful Japan.

At the root of the nuclear prohibition treaty has been the role played by the anti-nuclear peace movements working with Hibakusha at grassroots in the world. The opinion and movement of the people around the world will determine the outcome and future course of events. We call for following actions:

– To build up people’s opinion to demand from all governments participation in the Nuclear Prohibition Treaty and further engagement in achieving the complete elimination of nuclear weapons. From September 20 to 26, we propose to launch international simultaneous actions “Peace Wave” linking diverse grass-roots activities to call for participation in the Treaty.

– To initiate extensive dialogues to inform the general public about the inhumanity of nuclear weapons andthe imperative of the total elimination of nuclear weapons; to promote events and activities to listen to the testimonies of Hibakusha, exhibiting Hiroshima and Nagasaki photo panels, inheriting the memories of Hibakusha, and learning about the nuclear prohibition treaty itself;to enhance peace education as encouraged by the treaty.

– To accelerate and broaden the international signature campaign in support of the Hibakusha Appeal to prohibit and eliminate nuclear weapons with the goal of hundreds of millions of signatures worldwide by 2020.

– To expand cooperation between national governments, the U.N. and civil society movements on such occasions as the September 20th opening for signing the Treaty, International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on September 26, the regular session of the First Committee of the UNGA, the UN High Level Meeting on Nuclear Disarmament in 2018, and the next Preparatory Committee meeting of the NPT Review Conference.

– To extend relief and solidarity to Hibakusha and help to achieve state compensation for them; support the efforts of second and third generation Hibakusha; call for support of the nuclear test victims; strengthen solidarity with the movements demanding the relief of the sufferers of the nuclear power plant accident and demanding ZERO nuclear power; support the victims of Agent Orange, depleted uranium and other war damage.

-To extend solidarity to the struggles and movements against war and for peace, for the reduction and removal of foreign bases in Okinawa and others, opposition to military-industrial complex; areductionin military spending and improvement in living standard, employment and social welfare, overcoming of poverty and social gap, prevention of climate change and protection of global environment, overcoming of the discrimination based on sex and other factors and struggle for the development of Culture of Peace.

The nuclear prohibition treaty emphasizes the role of Hibakusha and the movements of civil society in their advocacy of the total elimination of nuclear weapons. Let us open up our future together with the Hibakusha. Now that the door to a “nuclear weapon-free world” is open, let us walk forward with young people in high spirit to achieve it.

August 5, 2017
International Meeting
The 2017 World Conference against A and H Bombs

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