Archivo de la categoría: V Seminario Internacional de Paz

THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION, THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE U.S. MILITARY BASE AT GUANTANAMO By Ann Wright,

THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION, THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE U.S. MILITARY BASE AT GUANTANAMO
By Ann Wright, retired U.S. Army Colonel and former U.S. Diplomat who resigned in 2003 in opposition to President Bushs War on Iraq
Today at the Fifth Conference on the Abolition of Foreign Military Bases, with a new President of the United States in office barely four months, who has sent 59 Tomahawk missiles into an air base in Syria and who is threatening further U.S. military actions from North Korea to more attacks on Syria, I represent a group of veterans of the U.S. military, a group that rejects U.S. wars of choice and rejects the huge number of U.S. military bases we have on the lands of other nations and peoples. I would like for the delegation from Veterans for Peace to stand.

We also have others from the United States here today, women and men who are civilians who believe the U.S. must end its wars on other nations and stop killing their citizens. Would members of the CODEPINK: Women For Peace delegation, Witness Against Torture and U.S. members of the World Peace Council and U.S. members of other delegations please stand up.
I am a 29-year veteran of the U.S. Army. I retired as a Colonel. I also served in the U.S. Department of State for 16 years in U.S. Embassies in Nicaragua, Grenada, Somalia, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Sierra Leone, Micronesia, Afghanistan and Mongolia, the last four Embassies as Deputy Ambassador or at times, acting Ambassador.

However, in March 2003, fourteen years ago, I resigned from the U.S. government in opposition to President Bush’s war on Iraq. Since 2003, I have been working for peace and ending U.S. military operations around the world.

First, here in the city of Guantanamo, I want to apologize to the people of Cuba for the U.S. military base the U.S. forced on Cuba in 1898, 119 years ago, the military base outside the United States that my country has occupied the longest in its history.

Secondly, I want to apologize for the purpose of the U.S. Naval Base Guantanamo. I apologize that for fifteen years, since January 11, 2002 ”the Guantanamo prison has been the site for the illegal and inhumane imprisonment and torture of 800 persons from 49 countries. 41 prisoners from 13 countries remain imprisoned there including 7 men charged and 3 convicted by the U.S. military commission court. There are 26 indefinite detainees known as forever prisoners who will never receive a military commission trial because they would undoubtedly reveal the illegal, criminal torture techniques U.S. officials, both CIA and U.S. military, used on them.  Five prisoners were cleared for release, including two whose repatriation deals stalled at the Department of Defense in the last days of the Obama administration and who, tragically probably will not be released by the Trump administration.
http://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/guantanamo/article127537514.html#storylink=cpy.

Nine prisoners died while at the U.S. military prison, three of whom were reported as suicides but under extremely suspicious circumstances.

In the past fifteen years, those of us on the U.S. delegations have held countless demonstrations in front of the White House. We have disrupted Congress demanding that the prison be closed and the land be returned to Cuba and we have been arrested and sent to jail for disrupting Congress. During the Trump presidency, we will continue to demonstrate, disrupt and be arrested in our efforts to close the U.S. military prison and the U.S. military base at Guantanamo!

U.S. military has over 800 military bases around the world and is expanding the number rather than decreasing them, particularly in the Middle East. Currently, the US has five major air bases in the region, in the UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Incirlik, Turkey. https://southfront.org/more-details-about-new-us-military-base-in-syria/

In Iraq and Syria, U.S. bases, or small temporary bases have been created as the United States increases its support for groups fighting the Assad government and ISIS in Syria and support for the Iraqi Army as it battles ISIS in Iraq.

In the past six months, the US Air Force has built or reconstructed two airfields in northern Syria near Kobani in Syrian Kurdistan and two airfields in Western Iraq. https://www.stripes.com/news/us-expands-air-base-in-northern-syria-for-use-in-battle-for-raqqa-1.461874#.WOava2Tys6U U.S. military forces in Syria are supposedly limited to 503, but troops who are in the country under 120 days are not counted.

Additionally, U.S. military forces are using the military bases of other groups, including a military base in north-eastern Syria, which is currently controlled by the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) in the Syrian city of Al-Hasakah, located 70 km from the Syrian-Turkish border and 50 km from the Syrian-Iraqi border. Reportedly, the US has deployed 800 servicemen on the military base. https://southfront.org/more-details-about-new-us-military-base-in-syria/

The US created a new military base in the western part of Syrian Kurdistan, also known as Rojava. And it is reported that large group of the well-equipped US Special Forces is located at the Tel Bidr base, located to the northwest of Hasakah. https://southfront.org/more-details-about-new-us-military-base-in-syria/

The Obama administration had capped the number of US military in Iraq at 5,000 and in Syria at 500, but the Trump administration is apparently adding another 1,000 into Syria. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2017/03/15/u-s-military-probably-sending-as-many-as-1000-more-ground-troops-into-syria-ahead-of-raqqa-offensive-officials-say/?utm_term=.68dc1e9ec7cf

Syria is the site of Russias only military bases outside of Russia with the naval facility in Tartus, and now at Khmeimim Air Base with Russia military operations in support of the Syrian government.

Russia also has military bases or the Russian military is using facilities many of the former Soviet republics now through the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), including 2 bases in Armenia https://southfront.org/russia-defense-report-russian-forces-in-armenia/; a radar and naval communications station in Belarus; 3,500 military personnel in South Ossetia Georgia; the Balkhash Radar Station, the Sary Shagan anti-ballistic missile test range and the Space Launch Center in Baikinor, Kazakhstan; Kant Air Base in Kyrgyzstan; a military task force in Moldova; the 201st Military Base in Tajikistan and also a Russian Navy resupply facility at Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Russian_military_bases_abroad

The tiny, strategically located country of Dijbouti has military bases or military operations from five countries ”France, the U.S., Japan, Saudi Arabia and China first overseas military base”.http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joseph-braude/why-china-and-saudi-arabi_b_12194702.html

The U.S. base, Camp Lemonnier at the Djibouti International airport, is the site of a large drone base hub used for assassin operations in Somalia and Yemen It is also the site of the U.S. Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa and the forward headquarters of the U.S. Africa Command. It is the largest permanent U.S. military base in Africa with 4,000 personnel assigned.
In support of U.S. military operations in the Middle East, the U.S. military bases in Greece and Italy– the Naval Support Group in Souda Bay, Crete, Greece and the U.S. Naval Air Station in Sigonella, the U.S. Naval Support Group and the U.S. Naval Computer and Telecommunications Center in Naples, Italy.

In Kuwait, the U.S. has facilities on four bases including: three camps at the Ali Al Salem Air Base including Camp Arifian and Camp Buchring. The US Navy and US Coast Guard uses on the Mohammed Al-Ahmad Kuwait Naval Base under the name Camp Patriot.

In Israel, the U.S. has 120 U.S. military personnel at the Dimona Radar Facility, an American-operated radar base in the Negev desert as a part of the Iron Dome project.

In Bahrain, the U.S. has the U.S. Naval Support Group/Base for the Fifth Fleet and is the primary base for naval and marine actions in Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Yemen and the Persian Gulf.

On the island of Diego Garcia, the U.S. has a U.S. Naval Support Facility provides logistic support for the US Air Force and Navy to operational forces in Afghanistan, the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf including up to twenty pre-positioned ships that can supply a large armed force with tanks, armored personnel carriers, munitions, fuel, spare parts and even a mobile field hospital. This equipment was used during the Persian Gulf War when the squadron transported equipment to Saudi Arabia. Â The United States Air Force operates a High Frequency Global Communications System transceiver on Diego Garcia.

In Afghanistan where the United States has had military forces for almost sixteen years from October 2001, the U.S has still has 10,000 military personnel and approximately 30,000 civilians working on 9 bases.

U.S. military bases are purposefully located near nations that the U.S. calls a threat to its national security. The bases in Germany, Poland and Romania and frequent military maneuvers in the Baltic States keep Russia on edge. The U.S. bases in Afghanistan, Turkey and Iraq keep Iran on edge. The U.S. bases in Japan, South Korea and Guam keep North Korea and China on edge.

Our coalition of peace groups in the United States will continue to work end U.S. military bases in other people countries as we work for a peaceful world not threatened by the United States.

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DECLARACIÓN FINAL Quinto Seminario Internacional de Paz y por la abolición de las bases militares extranjeras “Un mundo de paz es posible” Guantánamo, 4, 5 y 6 de mayo de 2017


Por un mundo de paz sin bases, instalaciones y enclaves militares extranjeros”
DECLARACIÓN FINAL
Quinto Seminario Internacional de Paz y por la abolición de las bases militares extranjeras
“Un mundo de paz es posible”
Guantánamo, 4, 5 y 6 de mayo de 2017
El Quinto Seminario Internacional de Paz y por la Abolición de las Bases Militares Extranjeras se realizó nuevamente en Guantánamo, la más oriental provincia cubana y primera trinchera antiimperialista de América por tener una parte de su territorio ilegalmente ocupado por una base militar extranjera en contra de la voluntad de su pueblo.
Esta nueva edición del Seminario contó con un total de 217 participantes de 32 países entre los que se encontraron líderes del Consejo Mundial por la Paz (CMP) y de sus organizaciones miembros, así como personalidades, luchadores por la Paz, antibelicistas y amigos solidarios de Cuba procedentes de Angola, Argentina, Australia, Barbados, Bolivia, Bostwana, Brasil, Canadá, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoras, Cuba, El Salvador, España, Estados Unidos, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Italia, Japón, Kiribati, Laos, México, Nicaragua, Palestina, Puerto Rico, RASD, República Dominicana, Seychelles, Suiza y Venezuela.
Los participantes constataron que el evento se desarrolló en el contexto de una compleja situación internacional caracterizada esencialmente por la permanencia de la agresividad del imperialismo estadounidense y de sus aliados de la OTAN que intentan reconfigurar un nuevo mapa mundial acorde con sus intereses geopolíticos y geoestratégicos y para lo cual incrementan su injerencia en naciones de todos los continentes y la opresión a sus pueblos.
Para lograr esos objetivos de intervención, dominación y chantaje contra los pueblos del mundo, el imperialismo se apoya en un conjunto de herramientas entre las que sobresale la proliferación de bases e instalaciones militares en numerosos países del planeta.
En esencia, es Estados Unidos, el país que mayor número de bases detenta en todo el orbe seguido de sus socios imperialistas de la OTAN, y es el que posee el mayor arsenal nuclear en la historia de la humanidad.
A lo anterior se adiciona la persistencia de la aguda crisis económica del capitalismo que, entre sus efectos más negativos, ha acrecentado la miseria, el hambre, la pobreza y las desigualdades en las naciones del llamado Tercer Mundo.
Las guerras injerencistas han afectado la estabilidad de varios países del Oriente Medio y de África, provocado como consecuencias los fenómenos migratorios masivos y desordenados que han causado la muerte en el mar de un gran número de inmigrantes que procuraban refugio en naciones europeas, que por lo general los rechazan.
A ese inestable contexto global se suma ahora la presencia de una nueva Administración republicana en Washington que ha generado innumerables cuestionamientos, críticas y un gran escepticismo, y cuyas acciones militares más reciente hacen sonar los tambores de una guerra de desbastadoras consecuencias para la humanidad.
En América Latina y El Caribe, el imperialismo y sus lacayos de turno de las oligarquías nacionales de varios países, intentan revertir el proceso de cambios progresistas iniciado por fuerzas de la izquierda hace ya más de una década, y pretenden restablecer las políticas neoliberales que tanto daño causaron a los pueblos de la región.
Para ello el imperio y sus acólitos, apelan a una sucia guerra económica, política y mediática dirigida a confundir a los pueblos y a destruir el entramado de logros sociales alcanzados por gobiernos progresistas en Venezuela, Bolivia, Brasil, Argentina, Ecuador, Nicaragua y otros, donde hoy se dirime el futuro de toda la región.
En ese contexto, cobra mayor vigencia la Proclama de América Latina y El Caribe como Zona de Paz aprobada por la II Cumbre de la CELAC realizada en La Habana en enero de 2014 como el compromiso político de mayor envergadura adoptado por todos los Estados latinoamericanos y caribeños, reafirmado en las Declaraciones emitidas en la IV Cumbre efectuada en Quito, Ecuador, en enero de 2016, y en la V Cumbre realizada en Punta Cana, República Dominicana, en enero de 2017.
Reconociendo a las personas que luchan en el mundo por la Abolición de las Bases Militares Extranjeras y por lo expuesto con anterioridad, este Quinto Seminario Internacional llama a redoblar la lucha contra las acciones agresivas imperialistas que amenazan a la paz mundial.
Lo luchadores por la paz reunidos en Guantánamo también nos
COMPROMETEMOS A:
 Denunciar sistemáticamente la agresión y la injerencia económica, política y militar del imperialismo estadounidense y sus aliados de la OTAN.
 Alertar a los pueblos sobre los peligros de una conflagración nuclear mundial de incalculables consecuencias para la humanidad.
 Demandar el cierre de las bases, instalaciones y enclaves militares foráneos y el retiro inmediato de las tropas de ocupación extranjeras de los países donde se encuentran desplegadas.
 Continuar reclamando a Estados Unidos que devuelva a Cuba y a su pueblo el territorio ilegalmente ocupado por la Base Naval de Guantánamo, y el levantamiento del bloqueo económico, comercial y financiero.
 Ampliar la divulgación del contenido de la Proclama de América Latina y El Caribe como Zona de Paz dada su actualidad y vigencia en el contexto político latinoamericano y caribeño.
 Fortalecer la lucha mundial contra el terrorismo, denunciando que sus acciones benefician a los objetivos del imperialismo.
 Multiplicar las acciones de la campaña internacional por un mundo de paz sin armas nucleares, químicas y bacteriológicas y revelar su presencia en bases e instalaciones militares foráneas.
 Denunciar las acciones en contra del medio ambiente y la salud de las poblaciones donde se encuentran enclavadas las bases militares extranjeras.
 Expresar la más amplia solidaridad con los países y pueblos bajo dominio colonial en El Caribe y en Sudamérica donde hay presencia militar extranjera como en Puerto Rico y en las Islas Malvinas, Georgia y Sandwich del Sur.
 Mantener la denuncia de las acciones intervencionistas del imperialismo y la oligarquía contrarrevolucionaria en Venezuela dirigidas a destruir el proceso bolivariano, lo que representa, además, una clara amenaza a la paz en la región.
 Incentivar la solidaridad con los demás procesos progresistas latinoamericanos y caribeños y con el proceso soberano de integración regional, hoy amenazados por el imperialismo.
 Expresar la más amplia solidaridad con los países y pueblos árabes bajo dominación colonial, ocupación y guerras de agresiones imperialistas y sionistas en Palestina, Siria, Irak, Líbano y la RASD. De igual modo, nos solidarizamos con los prisioneros palestinos en huelga general y exigimos la liberación de todos los patriotas de ese país en ejemplar resistencia.
 Seguir ofreciendo el más decisivo apoyo a la exitosa culminación del proceso de paz en Colombia.
 Manifestar el más irrestricto respaldo a Bolivia en su justo reclamo por la salida al mar.
 Condenar las políticas proteccionistas y las amenazas de la nueva administración estadounidense contra los migrantes.
Los participantes en el Quinto Seminario Internacional de Paz y por la abolición de las Bases Militares Extranjeras acordaron trasmitir un fraternal saludo y el reconocimiento al pueblo de Guantánamo y a sus autoridades por la cálida acogida dispensada y las facilidades extendidas para la exitosa culminación del evento.
Asimismo extendieron su saludo a todo el pueblo cubano que continúa realizando un gran esfuerzo por alcanzar una sociedad socialista más justa, próspera y sostenible, y rindieron homenaje a la memoria del líder indiscutible de la Revolución Cubana, el Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz.

Guantánamo, Cuba, 6 de mayo de 2017.

“For a world of peace without foreign military bases, constructions and enclaves”
FINAL STATEMENT
Fifth International Seminar for Peace and the Abolition of Foreign Military Bases
“A World of Peace is Possible”
Guantánamo, May 4, 5, 6, 2017
The Fifth International Seminar for Peace and the Abolition of Foreign Military Bases was held again in Guantánamo, the easternmost Cuban province and first anti-imperialist trench of America because part of its territory is illegally occupied by a foreign military base against the will of its people.
This most recent Seminar had a total of 217 participants from 32 countries, among them leaders from the World Peace Council (WPC) and its member organizations, as well as public figures, fighters for peace, peace-loving people and friends in solidarity with Cuba from Angola, Argentina, Australia, Barbados, Bolivia, Bostwana, Brazil, Canada, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoras, Cuba, El Salvador, Spain, the United States, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Italy, Japan, Kiribati, Laos, Mexico, Nicaragua, Spain, Palestine, Puerto Rico, RASD, Dominican Republic, Seychelles, Switzerland, Venezuela.
The participants confirmed that the event was celebrated within the context of a complex international situation essentially characterized by the permanent aggressiveness of the United States imperialism and its NATO allies, that attempt to rebuild a new world map according to their geopolitical and geo-strategic interests, for which purpose they increase their interference in nations from all continents and the oppression their peoples.
To achieve those purposes of intervention, domination and blackmail against the peoples of the world, imperialism relies on a group of tools, among which stands out the proliferation of military bases and facilities in numerous countries of the planet.
Essentially, the United States is the country with the largest number of military bases worldwide, followed by its imperialist NATO partners, and it is the country with the largest nuclear arsenal in the history of humankind.
Furthermore, the acute economic crisis of capitalism remains, with the increase of poverty, hunger, and inequalities in the so-called Third World nations among its most negative effects.
The interventionist wars that have severely impaired the stability of several Middle East and African countries have produced massive and chaotic migratory phenomena that have brought death at sea of a large number of migrants seeking refuge in European, nations which, in general, reject them.
To that unstable global context must be added the presence of a new Republican administration in Washington that has raised numerous questions, criticism and great skepticism, and whose most recent military actions make the drums of a war of devastating consequences for humankind sound louder than ever.
In Latin America and the Caribbean, imperialism and its current lackeys among the national oligarchies of several countries are attempting to reverse the process of progressive changes initiated by leftist forces more than a decade ago, and intend to restore the neo-liberal policies that caused so much damage to the peoples of the region.
To achieve such end, imperialism and its acolytes appeal to a dirty economic, political and media war aimed at confusing the peoples and destroying the group of social achievements attained by progressive governments in Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, Nicaragua and other countries where the future of the entire region today is at stake.
Within that context, the Proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as Peace Zone approved by the Second Summit of the CELAC held in Havana in January, 2014 gains greater validity as the most relevant political commitment made by all Latin American and Caribbean states, confirmed by the Statements issued at the Fourth Summit held in Quito, Ecuador, in January, 2016, and at the Fifth Summit held in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, in January, 2017.
Recognizing people who fight all over the world for the abolition of foreign military bases and taking into consideration all the above, this Fifth International Seminar calls to redouble the struggle against the aggressive imperialist actions that threaten world peace, and agrees to create a Global Coalition of Organizations against foreign military bases.
We, peace fighters gathered here in Guantánamo also
COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
 Systematically denounce the aggression and the economic, political and military aggressiveness and interference of the United States imperialism and its NATO allies
 Alert the peoples about the dangers of a world nuclear war of unforeseeable consequences for humankind
 Demand the closing of foreign military bases, facilities and enclaves and the immediate withdrawal of the foreign occupation troops from the countries where they are deployed.
 Continue to demand that the United States return to Cuba and its people the illegally occupied territory of the Guantánamo Naval Base, and the lifting of the economic, commercial and financial blockade.
 To disseminate the contents of the Proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as Peace Zone, given its topical nature and validity within the Latin American and Caribbean political context
 Strengthen the world struggle against terrorism, denouncing that its actions benefit the purposes of imperialism
 Multiply the actions of the international campaign for a world of peace without nuclear, chemical and bacteriological weapons, and reveal their presence in foreign military bases and facilities
 Denounce the impact on the environment and the health of the populations of the territories where foreign military bases are located
 Express the widest solidarity with the countries and peoples under colonial dominance with military presence in the Caribbean and in South America, such as Puerto Rico and the Malvinas (Falkland Islands), South Georgia and South Sandwich islands
 Continue to denounce of the interventionist actions of imperialism and the counterrevolutionary oligarchy in Venezuela aimed at destroying the Bolivarian process, which in addition is a clear threat to peace in the region.
 Encourage solidarity with the remaining Latin American and Caribbean progressive processes, and with the sovereign process of regional integration, today threatened by imperialism.
 Call for the broadest international solidarity with the Arab countries and peoples under colonial domination, occupation and Zionist and imperialist wars of aggression in Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and RASD.
 Likewise, we express our solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on a general strike and demand the release of all the patriots from that country who are showing an exemplary resistance.
 Continue to grant the most resolute support to the successful culmination of the peace process in Colombia
 Express the unrestricted support of Bolivia in its just demand for an access to the sea.
 Condemn the protectionist policies and threats of the new United States administration against migrants
The participants in the Fifth International Seminar for Peace and the Abolition of Foreign Military Bases agreed to convey a brotherly greeting and acknowledgment to the people of Guantánamo and its authorities for the warm welcome given to them, and for the facilities granted them for the successful achievement of the event.
They likewise conveyed their greetings to the entire Cuban people, which continue to make a great effort to achieve a more just, prosperous and sustainable socialist society, and paid tribute to the memory of the indisputable leader of the Cuban revolution, Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz.
Guantánamo, Cuba, May 6, 2017

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